Network Media and Topologies

RJ-11 (Registered Jack)

Standard telephone cable connectors, RJ-11 has 4 wires (and RJ-12 has 6 wires). RJ-11 is the acronym for Registered Jack-11, a four- or six-wire connector primarily used to connect telephone equipment.

RJ-11 PinSignal Name
1VCC (5 volts regulated)
2Power Ground
3One Wire Data
4One Wire Ground
Rj-11

RJ-45 (Registered Jack)

The acronym for Registered Jack-45 is RJ-45. The RJ-45 connector is an eight-wire connector that is commonly used to connect computers to a local area network (LAN), particularly Ethernet LANs. Although they are slightly larger than the more commonly used RJ-11 connectors, RJ-45s can be used to connect some types of telephone equipment.

Rj-45

F-Type

The F connector is a type of RF connector commonly used for cable and universally for satellite television. They are also used for the cable TV connection in DOCSIS cable modems, usually with RG-6 tri-shield cable. The F connector is inexpensive, yet has good performance up to 1 GHz. One reason for its low cost is that it uses the center wire of the coaxial cable as the pin of the male connector. The male connector body is typically crimped onto the exposed outer braid. Female connectors have a 3/8-32 thread. Most male connectors have a matching threaded connecting ring, though push-on versions are also available.

F type connector

ST (Straight Tip) and SC (Subscriber Connector or Standard Connector)

Fiber network segments always require two fiber cables: one for transmitting data, and one for receiving. Each end of a fiber cable is fitted with a plug that can be inserted into a network adapter, hub, or switch. In the North America, most cables use a square SC connector (Subscriber Connector or Standard Connector) that slides and locks into place when inserted into a node or connected to another fiber cable, Europeans use a round ST connector (Straight Tip) instead.

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SC connector
 ST connector
ST connector

Fiber LC (Local Connector)

These connectors are used for single-mode and multimode fiber-optic cables. FC connectors offer extremely precise positioning of the fiber-optic cable with respect to the transmitter's optical source emitter and the receiver's optical detector. FC connectors feature a position locatable notch and a threaded receptacle.

Fiber Lc Local

MT-RJ (Mechanical Transfer Registered Jack)

MT-RJ connectors are used with single-mode and multimode fiber-optic cables. The MT-RJ connectors are constructed with a plastic housing and provide for accurate alignment via their metal guide pins and plastic ferrules.

Used for Gigabit ethernet. To connect to modules with MT-RJinterfaces, use multimode fiber-optic cables.

MT-RJ MT-RJ

USB (Universal Serial Bus)

Universal Serial Bus, or USB, is a computer standard designed to eliminate the guesswork in connecting peripherals to a PC. It is expected to replace serial and parallel ports. A single USB port can be used to connect up to 127 peripheral devices, such as mice, modems, keyboards, digital camera's, printers, scanners, MP3 players and many more. USB also supports Plug-and-Play installation and hot plugging.

  • USB 1.1 standard supports data transfer rates of 12 Mbps.
  • USB 2.0 (Also referred to as Hi-Speed USB) specification defines a new High-speed transfer rate of 480 Mb/sec.

USB 2.0 is fully compatible with USB 1.1 and uses the same cables and connectors. USB has with two connector types. The first is Type A (on the right), This connector connects to the PC's USB port. The Type B (on the left) connector and is for connecting to the relevant peripheral. Where as the type A connector is truly standard, the Type B connector could be changed in size etc. with individual peripherals meaning they require there own unique cables.

USB connector