This article presents a basic collection of Linux interview questions with answers.
Kerberos is used for secure network logon.
Which partition store system configuration files in Linux system?
/etc partition stores system configuration files in Linux.
What is the purpose of the MD5 option on passwords?
MD5 is an encryption method that encrypts the password before saving.
A better method of password security is to create difficult-to-break passwords that are easy for the users to remember.
What is the alternative method to a GUI installation in Linux ?
Linux provides text base installation as the alternative method of GUI installation.
What is the purpose of the swapon command ?
swapon command is used to activate a already created swap partition. It cannot be used to create a new swap partition.What is gzip?
gzip is a compression utility created by the GNU project.
Name any four general password rules for user account.
- Include at least eight total characters
- Use the string in an unrepeated way
- Avoid use words that can be found in the dictionary
- Avoid use dates of significance, such as a birthday or anniversary
tar is an archive utility that is used to create tape backups.
Which is the standard command used to uncompress gzip files?
The standard command used to uncompress gzip files is gunzip.
What is the RPM switch for only installing packages?
The command line switch for installing an RPM is -i.
What is the command used to install an RPM package named demofilename2.2-2.i386.rpm?
The most common command used to install an RPM package is rpm -ivh. Following command will install the given package
#rpm -ivh demofilename2.2-2.i386.rpm
What is the command used to remove an RPM package named demofilename2.2-2.i386.rpm?
The most common command used to remove an RPM package is rpm -evh. Following command will remove the given package
#rpm -evh demofilename2.2-2.i386.rpm
What is the command used to update an RPM package named demofilename2.2-2.i386.rpm?
The most common command used to update an RPM package is rpm -Uvh. Following command will update the given package and remove the old.
#rpm -Uvh demofilename2.2-2.i386.rpm
Which command is used to see which RPM version of gzip was installed on the system?
#rpm -q gzip
Where are the automatically mounted file systems listed?
The automatically mounted file systems are listed in the file /etc/fstab.
While installing the new RPM what common steps should take ?
You should follow these common steps
- Use RPM tools should be used to query or verify the installed packages to
- confirm the installation of any previous packages.
- Check the signature of new package
- RPM should be installed or upgraded by first using the test mode to verify that it works, and then it should be installed
- At the end query the RPM and verify the installation of RPM
Which organization controls the official releases and updates of the X Window System?
The X Consortium at www.x.org controls the official release and updating of the X Window System
PPP is most often used to create?
PPP is most often used to create serial point-to-point connections.
When attempting to connect to www.example.com you got unknown host message. Which service is most likely not functioning properly?
Samba is used to provide support for which protocol?
Samba is used to support the Microsoft SMB/CIFS systems.
What command is used to load a module into the kernel?
The insmod command is used to load a module into the kernel
Name one of the most secure method of remote access.
SSH is the most secure method of remote access
With respect to a Linux system’s RAM, how large should the swap file be?
Generally the size of the swap file should be twice the size of installed RAM.
How would you create a backup of the fstab file to the /backup folder?
Use cp command to create the backup.
#cp /etc/fstab /backup
What command is used to exit the edit mode of VI editor?
The [esc] key is used to exit from the edit mode of VI editor.
What key combination will exit from VI editor and not save the changes made?
Esc + q +! Key combination will exit VI without saving the changes.
What command would you use to create a file system on a new hard drive?
The mkfs command is used to create file systems.What fstab file do?
The fstab file is used to automatically mount file systems.
The /etc/inittab file is used to perform the default state and terminal connections for a Linux system.
What command can you use to verify the current active shell?
The env command will display the current active shell.
Where is the file . bashrc located?
The . bashrc file is usually located in the /home/username directory.
What function does the .bash_profile file perform?
The function of the .bash_profile file is to provide login initialization commands.
What function does the .bash_logout file perform?
The function of the .bash_logout is to provide logout functions
What function does the .bashrc file perform?
The function of the .bashrc file is to provide shell configuration commands.